Hey guys say we are talking about every type of hydroponic systems. There strengths and there weaknesses.
If you are thinking about getting into hydroponics, the goal of this video is to talk about and let you guys know about each and every type of hydroponic system, so you know which system works best for you.
We have a lot to go over so let’s get started.
A lot of people are choosing hydroponics because growing in soil can lead to a lot of random chemical concentrations minerals, insects, bacterium and other factors that cannot be controlled. Whether good or bad, hydroponics have allowed you to feed your plants to exact mixture of nutrients for a well balanced feed. It has been proven that a hydroponic system can be incredibly rewarding for monster yields and shorter growth cycle. Another great advantage of hydroponics is you can automate your light and watering schedule. This is going to free up your day and minimize your maintenance on your grow.
So, there are three main types of hydroponic systems.
- ebb and flow
- deep water culture
Ebb & Flow Hydroponics Kit System
This method is super reliable. It is used in a lot of commercial grows. What it basically is your plants sit in a tray that is suspended over a reservoir. Your tray and reservoir are connected via a pump. And once or twice a day the pump will send nutrient rich water into your tray flooding it. Once that’s done the pump will turn off and the tray will drain off back into the reservoir.
Hydroponic systems are flexible and can come in different irrigation methods. The nutrient fill technique or NFT, also falls under ebb and flow category. In the NFT system a trough holding your plants is suspended over your reservoir at a slight incline. The top of the trough is connected to a pump that will send water to the top to flow down to and drain back into your reservoir. Along the way it will water all of your plants and NFT system is great for smaller plants like lettuce or herbs, but has a harder time supporting bigger plants.
So here are the strength and weaknesses of an ebb and flow system. For its strength it is very reliable. There are very few moving parts which means there is less maintenance and repair. There also very easy to set up. It is very easy to inspect that all your plants are getting fed at the same time. The drawbacks of an ebb and flow system is it uses the most water out of the three hydroponic systems just because it needs to flood the entire grow tray. This also means you will be using more nutrition to match the water ratio. If you are in a drought inclined area like California this could be a pricey option. Also remember that your ebb and flow system has to be above a reservoir. If you are growing in a smaller tent or lower ceiling this could be a challenge because the raised plants may come in close contact with your lights and can result in heat stress or light burn.
All right drip systems. Just like your ebb and flow system. Your plants will need to be above a reservoir. From the reservoir a pump is connected to a hose that branches out into tinier little hoses that go directly to your plants to feed them water and nutrients. From there the water that runs off your plants goes directly or drains back directly to the reservoir making it a recirculating system. So, a drip system is like a versa grow system and it is slightly more unorthodox system would be like a window farm system I made a few videos ago. And you can always build your own out of polyurethane tubing. The principals are very similar.
Drip Hydroponics Kit System
A drip system is great for feeding large number of plants plus it uses the least amount of water compared to other hydroponic systems. That means lower water bills and using less nutrition. The drawbacks of a drip system is it has more components to it. It’s going to take more time to install because you have to connect each of these little hoses to the main hose. Then you have to make sure each of these outlets is directly at your plant depositing water to it. And over time these little hoses can also get clogged due to natural build up.
That means you have to routinely check that hoses are fully going and flowing. And between each grow you actually have to flush out the hoses with a cleaning solution to reduce that buildup we were just talking about.
Deep Water Hydroponics Kit System
For the last hydroponic system we have deep water culture system or DWC. A DWC system is a self-contained system that is designed to feed one plant. Each individual bucket there will be an air zone to provide constant oxygen supply to the plants roots, so they don’t drown in the water. The plant is placed inside of a net or fabric pot which sits on top of each bucket.
By having the plant sit in a nutrient bath that is constantly being supplied with oxygen the plant can have access to food at any given second. Like any other hydroponic system there are lots of different variants and forms of deep water culture systems. There are recirculating DWCs where all of the buckets are connected to a network that is controlled by a brain bucket. For larger perpetual grows there are DWCs graph systems where the entire grow tray is flooded in area 24/7s while the plants are grown on top of a raft that sits on top of the water. But for the sake of not complicating things we will be talking about the traditional single bucket DWC system.
The advantage of having a DWC system is that your plants will have a dramatic increase in yields and you will see a huge production of root systems to help it intake all the nutrients it is submerged in. A DWC system is great for growers who can only have a few number of plants but want to maximize their yield. This system is also ideal for growing spaces with limited ceiling heights.
A DWC system is amazing for incredible yield but it does have a few of its own drawbacks. A DWC plant because it is constantly submerged in a nutrient bath is very reluctant to be transplanted into soil or a solid medium just because the roots has never built up a tolerance to be put in a solid medium. Another drawback is you must always, always, always, have an extra water pump or air pump on hand at all times. If an air pump fails a whole entire crop can die as quick as 48 hours. Because if there isn’t a constant supply of oxygen to the root system a plant can suffocate within a day. Another big concern is that if you generate a lot of CO2 in your grow room you must pump air from outside your grow room.
Because pumping CO2 into your root system is a fatal mistake. Root disease is also a huge concern when growing in a DWC system. Because your plants are constantly submerged in a recirculating system your water temperature must be maintained at 62 to 68 F anywhere above 72 F you risk cultivating root disease and also dissolve oxygen levels drop dramatically. Anywhere below 60 F and you risk your plants metabolic rates changing. DWC system is more for an advanced grower who can recognize and diagnose plant problems quickly. DWC system has a lot of benefits but it has its own complications.
And that is all about hydroponic systems how they work and their strengths and weaknesses. I will do a quick recap on all the hydroponic systems, so you know which system is best for you. Keep in mind that each situation is different, and these hydroponic systems are flexible. These are just the general outlines.
Ebb and flow systems are great hydroponic systems because of their minimal cost and needs. It is easy to set up and automate with very little adjustment needed to get the system working right. It uses a lot of water versus the other grow systems and it generally uses a larger grow room or grow tent. So, if water is a concern then go with an automated drip system.
With a hydroton at the grow medium you can constantly feed your plants with a small stream of water without the fear of overwatering. The roots are constantly aerated because they are being fed from the top down and drained back out which pulls air into the root system. Just be careful not to use any organic nutrients that can clog up your tubes. Scheduled maintenance checks are required for drip systems. This system requires a medium to large grow area as well so if space is an issue the deep water culture system is the next best option.
This is an awesome single plant set up because a DWC system are self-contained in their own bucket each of your plants roots are submerged in nutrient rich aerated water. The aeration comes from an air pump that pulls air through the air zone into the bucket. The little air bubbles are trapped in the root systems, so your plants don’t drown. Yes, plants can drown. The yield on a perfectly tuned DWC system are massive. But with the vantage also comes with its own complications. DWCs must have their air pumps constantly working. If the pump fails and goes unnoticed all your plants can die rapidly.
Don’t let these challenges stop you from trying a hydroponic system. The harvest from a hydroponic system is highly rewarding. In general, you’ll get a higher yield, a better quality and a faster harvest time.To get you guys started I am going to give you 10 percent off your entire purchase when you sign up for our newsletter for that all that information is in the description down below.
I promise you guys we will not spam you. All right that does it for me here. That’s a wrap for this video. If you thought this video was helpful give us a thumb-up also send off on the comment section down below on which of these hydroponic systems is your favorite. Also, if you guys have not subscribed yet then hit the subscribe button because we will be coming out with videos just like this one to help you guys get the most out of your grow. All right that does it for me I am Alan from GrowAce and I will see you guys next time.